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Research and Development of Deck Bridges



This book focuses on deck bridges with encased steel beams. The chapters discuss the design process in deck bridges in the past and some current issues regarding the design and construction of this type of bridges


  • ISBN: 9783030669249
  • Páginas: 120
  • Tamaño: 17x24
  • Edición:
  • Idioma: Inglés
  • Año: 2021

Disponibilidad: 3 a 7 Días

Contenido Research and Development of Deck Bridges

This book focuses on deck bridges with encased steel beams. The chapters discuss the design process in deck bridges in the past and some current issues regarding the design and construction of this type of bridges, particularly in Slovakia. The theoretical part covers the latest achievements of international endeavours in composite bridge research. The authors provide results on research into structures with encased steel beams, based on experiments carried out solely by the Department of Structural Engineering of the Faculty of Civil Engineering at the Technical University in Kosice. The results obtained are compared with numerical simulations and analytical calculations. The book also contains some information on testing the materials of steel and concrete and their characteristics. Finally, a variety of types of composite action between steel and concrete have been examined and are discussed.

1 The Current Situation in Bridge Construction

1.1 Design Methods for Deck Bridges
1.2 Deck Bridges Built in the Slovak Republic
1.3 The Present Situation in Deck Bridges in the World
   1.3.1 Sete-Frontignan Bridge, France
   1.3.2 Cyrnos Bridge, Senegal
1.4 Application of Various Beam Shapes and Arrangements in Bridges
1.5 New Technology Used on Composite Bridge
1.6 Composite Pre-flexed Beams
1.7 Characteristics of Deck Bridges
1.8 Structures with Encased Steel Filler-Beams

2 Proposed Designs of Deck Bridges

2.1 Preliminary Results of the First Measurements

3 The Tests of Deck Bridges with Encased Steel Beams

3.1 Design of Laboratory Specimens
3.2 Theoretical Analysis of the Composite Member Resistance
3.3 Preparation of Laboratory Tests of Composite Beams
   3.3.1 Preparation of Steel Sections
   3.3.2 Binding Reinforcement Bars
   3.3.3 Placement into Forms and Casting Concrete
   3.3.4 Striking the Formwork off the Finalised Specimens

4 Measurement of Material Properties of Concrete and Steel

4.1 Flexural Tensile Strength Test of Concrete
4.2 Splitting Tensile Strength of Concrete
4.3 Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete
4.4 Tensile Test of Steel
4.5 Push-Out Tests
   4.5.1 Perfobond and Strip Connectors
   4.5.2 Performance of Push-Out Tests

5 Static Loading Tests of Composite Beams

5.1 Measuring Devices of Static Loading Tests
5.2 The Experimental Set-up and the Placement of Strain Gauges
5.2.1 Gradual Increase in the Compression Strength of Concrete Over Time
5.3 Cracking in Reinforced Concrete and the Width of Cracks
5.4 Longitudinal Deformations and Strains
5.5 The Evaluation of Strains in the Rigid Steel Reinforcement
5.6 Parametric Comparison of the Beams at the Static Loading Test

6 Long-Term Tests of Composite Beams

6.1 Measuring Devices of Long-Term Tests
6.2 The Loading Procedure of Long-Term Tests
6.3 Long-Term Loading Tests Results
6.4 Parametric Comparison of the Beams Under the Long-Term Loading

7 Fatigue Tests of Composite Beams

7.1 The Basic Fatigue Stress Curve
7.2 Measuring Devices of Fatigue Tests
7.3 The Loading Procedure of Fatigue Tests
7.4 Fatigue Assessment and the Measurement Results
7.5 Parametric Comparison of the Beams in the Fatigue Tests

8 Modelling in the Abaqus Software Environment

8.1 Simulia Abaqus Software
8.2 Preparing 3D Composite Beam Model
8.3 Materials Used in Abaqus Model
   8.3.1 Loading and Supporting Bearing Plates
   8.3.2 Concrete Characteristics Used in Model
   8.3.3 Primary Rigid Steel Reinforcement and Secondary Reinforcement Bars  
8.4 Numerical Simulation Using the Abaqus Software
8.5 The Composite Beam Model in Abaqus
8.6 Comparison of theNumerical Simulations with the ExperimentalMeasurements

9 Outlook in the Field of Deck Bridges


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